The Significance of the Recent Finding of Archaeologists at Aksum, Ethiopia

May 26, 2008

Earth Times reported early this month about a new finding at Aksum, Ethiopia, by archaeologists from Germany. One of the main findings of this research is reported to be that the early palace of the Queen of Sheba, who lived in the 10th century BC, had been torn down and realigned to the path of the star Sirius.

Earth Times also reported that the research is aimed at documenting the origins of the Ethiopian state and the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

The announcement of the research suggests that "a Cult of Sothis [an ancient Greek name for a star thought to be Sirius] developed in Ethiopia with the arrival of Judaism and the Ark of the Covenant and continued until 600 AD."

The star Sirius, as the brightest star in the sky, has significance among various societies, especially in East Africa. In Afan Oromo, Oromo language, it is known by the name Sorsa. It is used as a reference and the name of one of the days in time reckoning. It also has its significance among the Dogon people of Mali.

In the Arabic language, Shaeba means people. In Afan Oromo, Saba also means people. Such similarity in the names and what they stand for could be pure coincidences or mere speculations. Yet in the likely event that the queen of Sheba means the People’s Queen, and knowing the depth of the egalitarian Gada system among the Oromo people, this subject is conceivably more than pure coincidence or mere speculation.

In a documentary titled Greece: Secrets of the Past, it has been reported that Greek's Classical Civilization started after ancient Greece borrowed ideas about egalitarian values and voting rights from elsewhere. In his book titled Black Athena, the Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, Martin Bernal argues that Classical Civilization has deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures.

According to Ahmed Osman, the Egyptian Egyptologist's book titled Christianity an Ancient Egyptian Religion, the roots of Christian belief spring not from Judaea but from Egypt. In his book titled Moses and Monotheism, Sigmund Freud suggested that Moses was a Pharaoh who fled to Israel from Egypt. In his book titled Moses and Akhenaten, Ahmad Osman agrees with Freud's observation and suggested that Moses was an Egyptian Pharaoh by the name Akhenaten.

All these potential evidences and the archaeologists' suggestions don't point in the same direction. The archaeologists' suggestion that a "Cult of Sothis developed in Ethiopia with the arrival of Judaism and the Ark of the Covenant" does not explain the simple fact that the same star has similar names and significance much farther south from Aksum as well as among the Dogon people, who, interestingly enough, use the same tricolors of black, red, and white as the Oromo national tricolors. Unless it explains the differences between the two schools of thoughts, one being that it is a local observation and cultivation as pointed above and the other being it came from elsewhere according to the archaeologists, the latter's suggestion may well be presumptuous.

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